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commission de discipline national

[8] In the wake of the Gao Gang–Rao Shushi affair, the CCDI was replaced by the CCC. [12] Unlike the CCDI, the CCC had an organisation below the provincial level. National : Commission de discipline . Pv n°-01-commission-de-discipline-fairplay Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. [93] Petitions may also be filed on the CCDI website,[93] and the commission receives cases through the Office for Circuit Inspection Work (which sends inspection teams throughout the country). [36] The CCDI system was not empowered to the same extent as its Soviet counterpart, since Mao favoured mass mobilisation and ideological campaigns over party disciplinary measures to kerb bad behaviour. [76] In these dual investigations, the CDIs (and sometimes the CCDI) claimed primary jurisdiction over cases involving important party figures and tried to prevent the MOS from doing its work. Close. [88] Like the MOS, the CCDI lacks judicial authority[88] and is limited to investigating allegations of corruption and breaches of party discipline. [35], The Chinese control system was inspired by Soviet control institutions, most notably the Party Control Committee (PCC). [48], —Wei Jianxing, CCDI Secretary from 1992 to 2002, insisting that "dual leadership" meant party-committee supremacy. [102] The idea that campaigns – not institutions – were the best weapon against corruption predominated under Deng,[102] and is best seen in the establishment of the Central Party Rectification Steering Committee during the 1980s. [68], The CCDI employs about 1,000 people. [50] On the few occasions when it attempted to investigate leading officials, it often experienced retaliation. [103] During this period, it published "Plan for Building Honest Morals and Controlling Corruption from 2004 to 2007" and the six-volume "Complete Regulations on Building Honest Morals and Controlling Corruption Within the Party" in an effort to institutionalise the Party's anti-corruption system. [50] These problems were widespread, leading the Third Secretary to say that "considerable and, in some cases, shocking obstructions in the [CCDI's] work [occurred often]. [83] Every party member is subject to supervision, but the ISR emphasises that leaders would be its focus. "[70] In addition, there are twelve institutions which are directly subordinate to the CCDI. [15] The 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee in December 1978 formed a new control system under its 1949–1955 name, with responsibilities identical to those of the CCC before its abolition. Ces cookies nous permettent d'établir des statistiques anonymes de fréquentation des pages de notre site afin d'en améliorer l'ergonomie et le contenu. [75] The modern incarnation of the CDICMC was formed in January 1980 under the direction of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. The CCDI was cumbersome; twenty-seven separate procedures had to be completed before an official could be placed under investigation. UEFA.com is the official site of UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations, and the governing body of football in Europe. [102] This was the CCP central leadership's preferred way to combat corruption, since its enforcement depended largely on the leadership. Follow Commission De Discipline Users. National : Commission de discipline. [94] An investigation of a provincial party leader must be accepted by the Politburo. The Secretary of the CCDI has, since 1997, been a member of the Politburo Standing Committee and, since 2009, served as the leader of the Central Leading Group for Inspection Work. [73] In 2003 there were five inspection teams, and by 2013 the number had grown to twelve. [69], Below the central level there are several commissions for discipline inspection (CDI). [46] This made the local CDI responsible to its party committee, rather than to the CCDI. [59] Beginning in 2009, localities below the prefecture level began to abolish the practice of a control body in every party-controlled organisation. [13] The 11th National Congress amended the party constitution to state that the "Central Committee of the Party, local Party committees at the county level and above and Party committees in the army units at the regimental level and above should set up commissions for inspecting discipline". [54] If a Central Committee member was suspected, the CCDI would have to inform (and obtain a ruling from) the Central Committee to begin an investigation. [61] According to China scholar Willy Lam, the establishment of a CCDI Organisation Department means "that the CCDI leadership can recruit cadres outside the established channels of the CCP Organisation Department, which has since 1949 been responsible for the Party's human resources-related operations. [25], Despite the commission's position as the Party's – and China's – leading anti-corruption agency, its leaders have admitted serious deficiencies in its work. [62] The CCDI intends "zero tolerance" towards CDI officials breaching discipline themselves, and they will be "exposed by name in the media" if they break the rules. Nous utilisons des cookies pour améliorer et rendre agréable l'expérience utilisateur sur notre site. Self-Regulatory Organization (SRO) Rulemaking and National Market System (NMS) Plans. [41] It was empowered to "examine, approve, and change decisions by lower control committees", was required to verify the composition of control committees at the provincial level and below[41] and had the power to investigate unreliable elements at will. Investment Advisers Act Notices and Orders. We cannot then say that this is the party committee not assigning high priority [to the anticorruption effort] or being overly lenient in meting out punishment. [102] However, the sharp increase in corrupt activities during the 1990s led the Party to change course. [88] Since the CCDI does not have the power to prosecute, it is supposed to transfer cases (after investigation) to the Supreme People's Procuratorate or the Supreme People's Court. [30] On 11 June 2015, Zhou was convicted of bribery, abuse of power and the intentional disclosure of state secrets by the Intermediate Court in Tianjin. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a large independent agency of the United States federal government that was created following the stock market crash in the 1920s to protect investors and the national banking system. [63] These offices, known as "Commissioned Bodies", report directly to the CCDI and are not responsible to the institutions in which they are located. [12] Delegates noted that the CCDI's problems were its lack of independence from party committees and the lack of meaningful collaboration between a control commission at one level and those at higher levels. [86] According to the ISR, the central party leadership should regularly send central inspection teams to regions, state organisations and state-owned enterprises. [28] Zhou was the first PSC member – and the most senior-ranked official – since the founding of the People's Republic of China to be tried and convicted of corruption-related charges. "[3], In 1949 the Central Committee established the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). Look up the French to German translation of commission de discipline in the PONS online dictionary. "[8] Aware of Yan'an Rectification Movement successes and CCDI failures, the party leadership used mass mobilisation and ideological campaigns to tackle party corruption during the 1950s. [46] The local committees elected the commission for discipline inspection (CDI) at their level, but the higher-level CDI could endorse – or reject – the proposed committee. Exchange Act Exemptive Orders. [7] The few mentions of CCDI inspectors in the press highlighted their failures. [75] Since 1990 the CDICMC's work has largely been carried out by the PLA's General Political Department, the military's highest political body. [56] The terminology used in the battle against corruption was changed at the congress; "fighting corruption" became "fighting and preventing corruption". "[50] The party leadership tried to solve these problems at the 12th National Congress, in 1982, by expanding CCDI jurisdiction and authority. [61] On 28 March 2013 the Central Committee ordered the establishment of Propaganda and Organisation Departments in the CCDI, the first such departments in a central-level institution other than the Central Committee. [1], The 5th National Congress again amended the party constitution, adding a chapter on control commissions and their aims but devoting little attention to their operations. Related items. [17] Although according to Lenin the Soviet PCC was established to cure the Party's bureaucratic ills, it evolved into a tool wielded by party secretaries. Enter a URL of an MRSS feed. [53] According to the amended party constitution, local CDIs could initiate preliminary investigations against members of the local party committee at the CDI's level before a formal investigation began. [56] This was further codified in 2004 and 2005 with the "Internal Supervision Regulation" (ISR), institutionalising the inner-party supervision system and the Interim Provisions on DICs' Role in Assisting the party Committees with the Organisation and Coordination of Anti-Corruption Work. Acts violating Party regulations and Party discipline must be dealt with severely, symptomatic and tendentious problems must be grasped early, when they are small, in order to prevent that small mistakes ferment into big mistakes, and violation of discipline becomes violation of the law. [75], The Ministry of Supervision (MOS) was established by the State Council in 1987 to supervise in "government departments, state organs and public officials, and maintaining administrative discipline. [64] Elected by the 1st Plenary Session of the CCDI, it requires approval from the 1st plenary session of the Central Committee to take office. Each CCDI Secretary since 2003 has concurrently headed the Central Leading Group for Inspection Work. [37] Even those who shared the Soviet fascination with organisational self-correction, like Liu Shaoqi and Dong Biwu, did not share their obsession with "scientific administration". La Commission Nationale de Discipline est l’organe disciplinaire fédéral de première instance. [60] These changes were intended to free CDI resources to "solely focus on the work of enforcing discipline". There are times when we [i.e., discipline inspection committees] want to file a case for investigation, but leaders consider various aspects of the situation and decide provisionally against investigation.... From one perspective, investigation may make sense, but in the larger scheme of things it may make sense to put the issue aside for a while. La Commission Nationale de Discipline est l’organe disciplinaire fédéral de première instance. Une commission de discipline constituée par le directeur de l'établissement pénitentiaire conduit la procédure disciplinaire et prononce la sanction. Title [National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal : research papers, hearings, reports, executive summary] Corporate Author National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal (U.S.) Description 5 volumes in 4 : illustrations, forms ; 26 cm [101] At the 4th Plenary Session of the 15th CCDI in 2000, Jiang drew a similar conclusion: "The most important thing is to uphold and improve a system of institutions which can guarantee the Party's strong leadership and socialist prosperity, and make sure that the system is functioning by means of laws, regulations, policies and education. Be advised that items recently returned to the library may continue to appear on your account for a few days. [45] The chief problem during the early 1980s was CCDI links to local party committees. [73], Inspection teams are not empowered to initiate formal investigations, make arrests or mete out punishments. "[76] Since its inception, the MOS' jurisdiction was unclear; most government personnel, as party officials, were under the purview of the CCDI. [96] Despite this proscription of force, according to Flora Sapio it "can easily occur because all basic procedural guarantees are removed as soon as shuanggui begins". Investment Company Act Deregistration Notices and Orders. The 2nd National Congress amended the party constitution, devoting a chapter to party discipline. The same goes for decisions on disciplinary actions. [84] The central inspection teams' structure was reformed by the ISR; before it, they were ad hoc institutions in the fight against corruption. Nul ne peut participer à une manifestation cycliste organisée ou contrôlée par l’UCI ou la FFC, s’il n’est pas titulaire de la licence requise, sauf dans le cas des épreuves de promotion ouvertes aux non licenciés. [64] The CCDI proposes an elected Secretary to the 1st Plenary Session of a central committee, which can approve or reject them. [60] Beginning in 2014, CDI chiefs across the country began to shed concurrent executive positions which could create conflicts of interest (for example, a CDI chief also serving as a vice-mayor or department head); CDI personnel also began removing themselves from "leading groups" and similar policy-coordination and consultation groups. strengthen and im. "[61], In 2014, the CCDI established an internal Office for the Supervision of Disciplinary System Officials. [8] According to a People's Daily editorial, party inspectors "gave up the struggle and proved themselves unable to persist in ... upholding the dignity of Party discipline when they encountered great obstacles. secretary s speech at opening ceremony of course the second part of the training handouts. Report of the National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal by National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal (U.S.) ( Book ); Report of the National Commission on Judicial Discipline and Removal : hearing before the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third … In June 2018, he was appointed Chief Inspector of the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Office of the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) and the National Commission of Supervision (NCS) of the PRC at the Ministry of Commerce and member of the CPC Leadership Group of the Ministry of Commerce. You can now place requests for physical library materials on this website. [74] The report is then uploaded on the CCDI's website and made public. [94] This system gives the CCDI precedence over the legal system in the investigation of party leaders. Although the commission is theoretically independent of the Party's executive institutions such as the Central Committee and its Politburo, historically the work of the CCDI has been directed by the Party's top leaders. Public Sector Commission's assessments, reviews, investigations and special inquiries Find out about how the Commissioner uses her powers to ensure efficiency, … [85], The top-to-bottom system requires party committees at higher levels to supervise lower-level committees. [85] The mechanism for lodging complaints against higher-level party officials or proposing their dismissal was unspecified. The current secretary is Zhao Leji, who took office on 25 October 2017. [11] Despite its abolition at the congress, little criticism was directed at the CCC during the Cultural Revolution;[12] although CCC Deputy Secretary Min Yifan was criticised by the Red Guards, a revolutionary youth movement independent of the party (but inspired by Mao) during the Cultural Revolution, most of their disapproval focused on his career on local committees rather than the CCC. We cannot be so simplistic in our inferences. [72], The Office for Circuit Inspection Work sends inspection teams throughout the country to help the local CDIs. Radosław Giętkowski and prof. UG, dr. hab. The players concerned and all national federations have received the details of the decision. . [76] Before 1987, the CCDI was responsible for issuing administrative sanctions to public officials;[76] since it enforced party discipline and the MOS enforced state law, in theory "the two agencies operated in separate spheres". It was argued in the party constitution that the control system "was born to serve the needs of a Leninist party for its ideological and organisational consolidation. [12] The control commissions had the power to appeal committee decisions, and were required to report their work to the higher-level control commission. PERC deals with certain labor relations issues involving public employers, public employees, and unions that represent public employees, including representation issues, unfair practices, the scope of negotiations, mediation, and assignment of fact-finders and arbitrators. General inquiries and ethics inquiries may be made by email to information@iardc.org. [14] Due to the power struggle between Deng Xiaoping and Hua Guofeng, the control system was not implemented in 1977–1978. [56] The Hu Jintao-led leadership, which lasted from the 16th–18th National Congress, saw growth in CCDI power and influence, demonstrated most clearly by the increased attendance of PSC members at CCDI plenary sessions. [27], In late 2013, Zhou Yongkang, a former member of the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) and head of China's security agencies, was placed under investigation by the CCDI for abuse of power and corruption, a decision state media announced in July 2014. national and aggregate level. Enter a URL of an MRSS feed. [92], For a case to be investigated, a person needs to petition the CCDI. [66] The 12th National Congress required that the CCDI head serve concurrently on the PSC, but this was rescinded by Zhao Ziyang at the 13th National Congress in 1987. [60] Before the reforms, every organisation (civil, party or government) with an embedded party committee or party group had a corresponding CDI-style department. secretary of the National Commission for Discipline Inspection City area on behalf of course participants on the Forum of the National Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection. [56] The 18th Standing Committee has 19 members, one of whom (Huang Xiaowei) is a woman. [45] This was opposed by the CCDI leadership, with Huang saying that loyalty to the Central Committee was "more important" than fighting corruption. [73] Despite this, there are several weaknesses to its institutional design in the sense that certain informal aspects of CCP rule compete with formal procedures (that the CCDI and its lower-level organs are tasked with supervising) for hegemony; examples are, as outlined Xuezhi Guo, "vague institutional positions, incrementally declining effects as time goes by, vulnerability to patron-clientelism or guanxi network at the grassroots level, and the dilemma of 'open' or 'undercover' investigation". Since the vast majority of officials at all levels of government are also Communist Party members, the commission is in practice the top anti-corruption body in China. [20] In its 1st Plenary Session, the CCDI stated three overarching goals: to "protect party members' rights", to enforce and safeguard the system of collective leadership "with the division of labor by the individual" and to generally oppose the over-concentration of power in one individual. [16], Although the press and the CCDI highlighted its fight against corruption, the commission was powerless against many "local despots": leaders who ruled largely by fiat. [74] The regulations which govern inspection team conduct states that they must "Learn from the reports from local party committees; Participate in party disciplinary meetings; Manage whistleblower letters, phone calls, and visits; Regarding issues of party members or officials; Organize forums to understand public opinions of local leaders; Communicate with individuals; Review relevant documents and records; Conduct surveys and evaluate the opinions of the public; Visit the local bureau or individual department; and Consult with other government departments to gain better understand[ing] of the issues. [11], The CCDI was reestablished at the 11th National Congress in 1977. [57], The dual-leadership system was reformed during Hu Jintao's term. [85] According to Ting Gong, the main problem is that if an ordinary party member lodges a complaint or accuses an official of corruption, "there is no guarantee that personal petitions will be accommodated or even processed as they are subject to further investigation and the approval of higher-level authorities". "[91] Although the CCDI overlaps the MOS, it has more responsibilities since it is obligated to prevent breaches of party rules, norms and other non-criminal behaviour. [75] The head of the CDICMC is customarily also deputy chief of the General Political Department, and (since the 16th Party Congress in 2002) a concurrent Deputy Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. Retrouvez tous les épreuves du calendrier national et régional de toutes les disciplines. Indeed, it may produce even better results. Lenin argued that every communist vanguard party, at all levels, needed a system to supervise party-official elections, dismissals and performance. [12] Talk of an internal party-control system would not resurface until the death of Mao and the arrest of the Gang of Four in 1976. [77] Since then, the CCDI has conducted the work of the MOS; the Minister of Supervision customarily holds the concurrent post of Deputy Secretary of the CCDI,[78] and the organisations share a website. [73] The CCDI and its inspection teams initiate ordinary and intensive inspection of party organisations at all levels[73] and, in the eyes of many in the provinces, are a "tribunal of justice": handing down verdicts to the guilty and exonerating the innocent. [90] The party constitution vaguely defines the CCDI's jurisdiction:[92], Resolutely implement the Party's basic line, principles, and policies ... correctly exercise the powers entrusted to them by the people, be honest and upright, work hard for the people, make themselves an example, carry forward the style of hard work and plain living, forge closer ties with the masses, uphold the Party's mass line, accept criticism and supervision by the masses, oppose bureaucratism, and oppose the unhealthy trend of abusing one's power for personal gain. « La Commission de discipline de la CEB considère que la participation de 18 joueurs à de multiples tournois PBA n’est pas conforme aux objectifs et aux statuts de la CEB et représente un manque d’éthique sportive. [60], The CCDI underwent another round of reforms under general secretary Xi Jinping, elected in the immediate aftermath of the 18th National Congress in 2012. [2], The control system was reorganised as the Central Review Committee (1928–1933), the Central Party Affairs Committee (1933–1945) and the Central Control Commission (1945–1949). [85], Peer-to-peer supervision is defined as regular "democratic life meetings" and the duty of standing committees to report their work to the party committee to whom they are responsible. As economic reforms … [53] The shuanggui system (see below) was established in 1994 by order of the CCDI;[55] it was first officially mentioned in Article 28 of the Regulation on Dealing with Cases of Party Discipline Violations, which came into effect on 1 May 1994. [11] At the 9th National Congress in 1969 the CCC was abolished, removed from the party constitution and replaced by special-case organisations (such as the Central Case Examination Group) formed under Mao and Kang Sheng. [49], Because of this institutional structure, it was nearly impossible for the CCDI to carry out its mandate. [39] The amendment allowed local CDIs to "take their case to the next-higher party committee" if they considered the committee decision at their level faulty. However, no institution was established to safeguard party norms or supervise cadre behaviour. Ces fonctionnalités déposent des cookies permettant notamment à ces sites de tracer votre navigation. In 1993, the internal operations of the agency and the government's Ministry of Supervision (MOS) were merged. According to the Party's Constitution, the members of the CCDI are elected by the National Congress and serve for a term of five years. [83] This was probably in reaction to the fact that no institutions except the central party leadership (including the local CDIs) had the de facto ability to supervise lower-level party institutions. [96] Shuanggui does not condone corporal punishment and the accused is, in theory, respectfully treated until proven guilty. UEFA.com is the official site of UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations, and the governing body of football in Europe. [35] Of these Zhang, at age 50, is currently the youngest serving CDI provincial secretary. [31] Zhou and his family members were said to have taken 129 million yuan (over $20 million) in bribes. Partly because of this, the control commissions actively participated in several party rectification campaigns during the late 1920s and early 1930s. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Vous pouvez vous informer sur la nature des cookies déposés, les accepter ou les refuser soit globalement pour l’ensemble du site et l’ensemble des services, soit service par service. Comrade He Yong. [93], An investigation has eight steps: "preliminary evidence and complaint management, preliminary confirmation of disciplinary violations, approval for opening the case, investigation and evidence collection, case hearing, implementation of disciplinary sanctions, appeal by the disciplined official, and continued supervision and management of the case". Commission De Discipline channels on MeFeedia. [58] In the aftermath of the Shanghai pension scandal, the central party leadership appointed the CDI leaders of the four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing) and suggested a preference for outsiders as CDI leaders in the provinces. L’institut National de Formation du cyclisme est porteur cette mission. [66], The Standing Committee is the highest body when the CCDI is not convened for a plenary session. Gestion de vos préférences sur les cookies. Zhōngguó Gòngchăndăng Zhōngyāng Jìlǜ Jiănchá Wĕiyuánhuì, Founding, abolition and reestablishment (1949–1980), Petition system, investigative procedures and. Sprawdź tutaj tłumaczenei francuski-niemiecki słowa commission de discipline w słowniku online PONS! Such a role was reinforced in the Party's frequent campaigns against its real or perceived enemies in and out of the party organisation. Certaines fonctionnalités de ce site (partage de contenus sur les réseaux sociaux, lecture directe de vidéos) s’appuient sur des services proposés par des sites tiers. A chacun sa pratique, compétition, loisir dans n’importe quel discipline, route, vtt, bmx, piste…. [75] When the CDICMC completes such an investigation, the case is usually given to military prosecution authorities for court-martial. [23] It was an organisational weapon against the "leftists" (who advanced during the Cultural Revolution or supported it) and the "rightists" (supporters of bourgeois democracy). Article 4 - Réservé . [75] The CDICMC has "dual responsibility" to the CCDI and the Central Military Commission,[75] and its membership is selected by the Central Military Commission.

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